Last Updated: 13/08/2008


 


India is endowed with significant mineral    resources. India produces 89 minerals out of    which 4 are fuel minerals, 11 metallic, 52 non-metallic and 22 minor minerals.

The total value of mineral production was Rs. 568070 million in 2000-2001, of which the   value of minerals other than petroleum and natural gas was Rs. 306751 million. The metallic production is accounted for by iron-ore, copper-ore, chromite and/or zinc concentrates, gold, manganese ore, bauxite, lead concentrates. Amongst the non-metallic minerals, more than 90 percent of the aggregate value is shared by limestone, magnesite, dolomite, barytes, kaolin, gypsum, apatite & phosphorite, steatite and fluorite.


INDIA’S CONTRIBUTION TO THE WORLD’S MINERAL PRODUCTION

ROLE OF THE GOVERNMENT - Ministry of Mines

CONTRIBUTION OF THE PUBLIC SECTOR

CONTRIBUTION OF OTHER GOVERNMENT ORGANISATIONS



INDIA’S CONTRIBUTION TO THE WORLD’S MINERAL PRODUCTION

India is the world’s largest producer of mica blocks and mica splittings. With the recent spurt in world demand for chromite. India has stepped up its production to rech the second rank among the chromite producers of the world.

            Besides, India ranks, 3rd in production of coal & lignite, 2nd in barites, 4th in iron ore, 5th in bauxite and crude steel, 7th in manganese ore and 8th in aluminium.

Life Indices: Some Important non-fuel Minerals

SL. No.

Minerals

Unit

Total Resources as per UNFC, 1.4.2005

Life Index*

(Years)

1.

Bauxite

000’ tonnes

3289817

204

2.

Copper

000’ tonnes

Ore :                               1394426

Metal:                           11417.72

220**

3.

Lead & Zinc

000’ tonnes

Ore :                               522580

Lead Metal:                   7207.25

Zinc Metal:                  24259.68

Lead & Zinc Metal:        118.45

82**

4.

Gold

Tonnes

Ore (Primary)               90289237

Metal(Primary)                491.12

Ore (Placer)                 26121000

Metal(Placer)                      5.86

240**

5.

Iron Ore

000’ tonnes

Haematite                    14630388

Magnetite                    10619481

104

6

Chromite

000’ tonnes

                                        213063

47

7.

Magnesite

000’ tonnes

337882

603

8.

Manganese Ore

000’ tonnes

378569

113

9.

Lime Stone

000’ tonnes

175328914

364

10

Rock Phosphate

Tonnes

305308576

94

11

Sillimanite

Tonnes

74339869

Very large

12

Garnet

Tonnes

57655633

61

13

Kyanite

Tonnes

102613223

Very large

14.

Dolomite

000’ tonnes

7533108

522

15

Diamond

Carats

4581913

41

 

*    Resources under UNFC categories(111) to (332) only have been considered for calculation of life index of minerals.

 

**  Based on ore resources


ROLE OF THE GOVERNMENT - Ministry of Mines

The Ministry of Mines is responsible for the survey and exploration of all minerals( other than natural gas and petroleum),  for mining and metallurgy of non-ferrous metals like aluminium, copper, zinc, lead, gold, nickel, etc., and for the administration of the Mines and Minerals ( Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 in respect of all mines and minerals, other than coal, natural gas and petroleum.

The Ministry of  Mines has juridiction over Geological Survey of India and Indian Bureau of Mines, both of which are subordinate offices.  The Ministry of Mines has administrative and management control in Mineral Exploration Corporation Limited,  National Aluminium Company Limited, Hindustan Copper Limited and Bharat Gold Mines Limited.  Also the Department has equity stakes in Bhart Aluminium Company Limited and Hindustan Zinc Limited,  both of which were privatised recently.

Survey and
Exploration
Regulation and
Conservation
Mining and
Processing
Geological Survey of India Indian Bureau of Mines Hindustan Copper Limited
Mineral Exploration Corporation Limited   National Aluminium Company Limited


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CONTRIBUTION OF THE PUBLIC SECTOR

The public sector contributes over 85 percent of the total value of mineral production.  However, it is the avowed policy of the Government to withdrow from the non-strategic sectors and accordingly the public sector underkings are being privatised in a phased manner.

Public sector enterprises like the National Mineral Development Corporation, Kudremukh Iron Ore company, Steel Authority of India Limited and Orissa Mining Corporation dominate the iron ore sector.

National Aluminium Company contributes about 35% bauxite mining and aluminium production.  Hindustan Copper Limited predominates the copper ore mining sector.

After  cessation of economic operations in Bharat Gold   Mines Limited since 2000, Hutti Gold Mines Limited (a Government of Karnataka undertaking), is the only undertaking engaged in the mining of gold. Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited and Andhra Pradesh Mining Development Corporation predominate the mining of rock phosphate and barytes respectively.
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CONTRIBUTION OF OTHER GOVERNMENT ORGANISATIONS

Geological Survey of India (GSI)

The GSI is the principal agency responsible for the assessment of geological and regional mineral resources of the country. GSI was established in 1851 and is one of India’s oldest investigative agencies in the field of earth sciences. Its areas of operation encompass scientific surveys and research, for locating mineral resources. GSI operates through six regional offices and four specialized wings - marine, coal geophysics, airborne surveys and training.

The GSI has to its credit geological mapping, covering an area of approximately 3.146 million sq.km, or 94 percent of the area of India. The maps are on a 1:63,360/ 1:50,000 scale, the data having been synthesized to produce 1:2,000,000 scale geological maps of India, which have been correlated with the global set up as per international standards. The GSI is also actively involved in the research and development of mapping and exploration techniques. It has set up a chain of modern petrological paleontological, chemical, mineralogical, geochronological, geotechnical and geophysical laboratories in its different operational bases, and offers its facilities and services on payment.

Geological maps and data are available with GSI on a commercial basis.

Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM)

IBM is the principal government agency responsible for compiling exploration data and mineral maps and for providing access to the latest information is respect of mineral resources in the country. IBM has both regulatory as well as service functions.

IBM offers technical expertise and proven experience in the fields of geology, mine planning and feasibility studies. The geological services of IBM include survey and preparation of mine plans, preparation of geological plans, preliminary geological appraisal of mineral properties, including the formulation of an initial scheme of detailed exploration with estimate of cost and preliminary reconnaissance, quick survey to determinate potential areas out of large properties, etc.

IBM’s technical consultancy services include the preparation of techno-economic feasibility reports, evaluation of feasibility reports prepared by other consultants and organisations etc., production planning and grade control in working mines, evolution of flowcharts for mineral benefaction and agglomeration to scale up to large commercial plants and engineering design data for commercial plants.

Besides these technical consultancy services, IBM also performs regulatory functions, namely:- enforcement of Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act, Mineral Concession Rules, Mineral Conservation and Development Rules.

IBM disseminates statistical information on mines, minerals, metals and mineral based industries through its various publications which are available for sale on commercial basis.

Mineral Exploration Corporation Limited (MECL)

MECL is a public sector company, which undertakes detailed exploration of various minerals/ores by drilling, and exploratory mining. It is also engaged in proving the existence of reserves for their eventual exploitation. Exploration is taken up both on a promotional basis on behalf of the Government of India and on contractual basis for other agencies.
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